Muscles are specialized tissue which causes movement. In our body muscles function for the movement,Protection,Storage of glycogen,Gives shape to the body and Maintains posture.
Types of Muscles
There are three types of muscles in the body:
The striated muscles:
They are also called as voluntary muscles and skeletal muscles. these muscles cover the skeletal framework of the body. They for the largest part of the muscular tissue. They are consciously controlled by the individual. They may be directly attached to the bone or the cartilage to increase the efficiency of the system.
These are attached to the bones. These are related to the central nervous system. The bulky fleshy part in the middle of the muscle is the belly of the muscle. Muscles vary in shapes like ribbon shape ,spindle shape muscles. Each individual muscle has its own nerve supply that stimulates the muscles to contract the nerves.
The smooth Muscles:oa
They are also called as the involuntary muscles. These are not attached to the bones.they are Related to Sympathetic and Parasympathetic nervous system. These muscles are Closely related with the emotions. Also natural urges produce work in these muscles. Muscles of Digestive system,Cardiovascular.Urinary,Genital and respiratory track are smooth muscles.
The Cardiac muscles:
They are the muscles which are present in the heart to frame up the cardiac tissue that makes the heart. This is also an involuntary muscle.
Movements of the body are:
- Flexion-Decreases the angle of the joint.
- Extention-Increases the angle of joint.
- Abduction-Moves bone away from the midline.
- Adduction-Moves bone close to the midline.
- Rotation-Moves around the axis.
- Supination –Turn upward or anterior.
- Pronation-Turn downward or posterior.
- Evertion-Turning outward.
- Invertion-Turning inward.
- Dorsiflexion-Flexion of ankle joint.
- Elevation-Lifting bone upward.
Asana plan for muscle activation
- Adho mukho svanasana
- Ardha matsendrasana
- Ek pada bakasana
- Pincha mayurasana
- Urdhva dhanurasana
- Pranic mudras
- Tattva mudras
- Varun mudra
For more information you can check below links: